Changeouts & Stove Tax Credits

Tax Credits:

HPBA Tax credit website page: click here 

30% Biomass Stove Tax Credit - Enacted for appliances installed between Jan 1, 2023 to Dec 1, 2032! 

With the August 16, 2022, signing of the Inflation Reduction Act (IRA), high-efficiency biomass heating products once again qualify for a tax credit under Section 25(C) of the Internal Revenue Code (“IRC” or “tax code”). This new 30 percent tax credit – capped at $2,000 annually – is available for appliances installed between January 1, 2023, and December 31, 2032. The credit can be used on the purchase and installation costs of qualifying appliances. To be eligible for the tax credit, an appliance must have a thermal efficiency of at least 75 percent per the higher heating value (HHV) of the fuel.

Beginning in 2023, consumers buying highly efficient wood or pellet stoves or larger residential biomass heating systems may be eligible to claim a 30% tax credit – capped at $2,000 annually – based on the full cost (purchase and installation) of the unit. The credit runs through December 31, 2032. The 10-year term and 30 percent credit have been big components of HPBA’s advocacy push of the Biomass Thermal Utilization (BTU) Act over many years.

Feel free to contact Ryan Carroll (Carroll@hpba.org) with any questions that are not answered by our website.

What is this new tax credit?

  • Effective Dates: The new tax credit under Sec. 25(C) of the U.S. Internal Revenue Code (“IRC” or “tax code”) is effect on January 1, 2023 for qualifying purchases and installations completed on or after that date, through December 31, 2032.
  • Credit Amount: Creates a new tax credit of 30 percent of the purchase and installation costs (with a $2,000 annual cap with no lifetime limit) for tax years 2023 through 2032.
  • Qualifying Products: Qualifying products (any biomass-fueled heater) must have a thermal efficiency of at least 75 percent per the higher heating value (HHV) of the fuel
    • The EPA certified wood heater database may be referenced (not all products on the EPA list qualify. Look for products with efficiencies of at least 75 percent)
    • A manufacturer certification statement attesting that a product qualifies can also be relied upon

See our new FAQs about this new tax credit for additional information.

  • Qualifying Products: Require qualifying products (any biomass-fueled heater) be at least 75 percent efficient per the higher heating value (HHV) of the fuel

What happens to the 25(C) tax credit?

  • Eliminates the tax credit for biomass stoves under IRC Sec. 25(C) starting in 2021 and enacts this provision in its place
  • Any product purchased in 2020 that qualifies for the new Sec. 25(D) credit, but isn't installed until 2021, can be claimed under the Sec. 25(D) credit on a 2021 tax return. Products must be claimed on the tax return year in which the product installation is complete. 

See our new FAQs about this new tax credit for additional information.

Download the consumer one-pager here

The Sec. 25(C) Tax Credit for Biomass Stoves (2020)

The Sec. 25(C) biomass stove tax credit expired after December 31, 2020. The credit must be claimed in the year in which product installation was completed.

With this credit having expired, 2020 is the last year the biomass stove tax credit of $300 can be claimed on a tax return. Download the consumer one-pager here

Changeouts by State:


Efficiency Maine Low-Interest Loans Program

  • Program Duration: Ongoing
  • Eligibility: Residents of Maine
  • Loan: Varying loan amounts for qualifying wood and pellet stoves, pellet boilers and furnaces

For more information, go to Efficiency Maine

ME - Efficiency Maine Residential Home Energy Savings Program

Eligibility: Residents of Maine

  • Rebate: 1/3 the cost (up to $6,000) to purchase a qualifying pellet boiler or furnace

For more information, click here: Website


CLOSED - Massachusetts Clean Energy Center (MassCEC) Changeout

Vermont: 2-Wood Stove Rebate Programs

1. $400 instant discount

  • This rebate offers $400 instantly for replacing an old wood stove with an EPA certified one.
  • Retailers must participate in the program.
  • The old woodstove must be taken out of service and cannot be resold.
  • There is no income limit on this rebate.

2. Residential Flood Recovery Rebate

  • For low and moderate income residents that suffered flood damage this past summer, 2023.
  • Here is application paperwork explaining income limits and parameters.
  • Individuals must go through FEMA first before applying for the program.

For more information on WOODSTOVES: Efficiency Vermont For information on central heaters: Efficiency Vermont

New York State:

CLOSED - New York State Pellet Stove Incentive Program 

Want to join?

Become a Member

Members of the Northeast Hearth, Patio & Barbecue Association (NEHPBA) and its regional Affiliates are the leading companies that produce, sell, or service appliances and accessories in the hearth and barbecue industries in North America. Join today to take advantage of all the benefits your company will receive.